Every month on Earth Matters, we offer a puzzling satellite image. The April 2016 puzzler is above. Your challenge is to use the comments section to tell us what part of the world we are looking at, when the image was acquired, what the image shows, and why the scene is interesting.
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Update: The answer is posted here.
place: Caspian Sea
Time: 6 april
satelitte : LandSat 8 /OLI
Two islands in the sea or ocean with white lines are movements of marine animals.
Sargasso sea…. Green alage boom pic
it could be in dubai…
those man made islands?
since it looks like the african continent just miniature size….
this photo is confusing though
Gulf of California….Giant Kelp forests?
This image is of small reef covered islands in the Tyuleniy Archipelago in the northern Caspian sea, just northeast of Bautino, Kazakhstan. I think the bright blue streaks are highlighted by the coastal blue band and indicate suspended sediment. I’d guess that the sediment is being kicked up by caspian seals as they hunt small bottom feeders, but I’m not sure.
The images shows landmasof Africa and its nearby water bodies.
Somewhere in the Arctic Ocean in Northern BC, Canada
Time laps photo of a pod of Beluga whales feasting on a large school of fish (maybe Mackerel)
Norway .part of it.
This is a phosphorescent bay in the Caribbean, possibly around the islands of Viques, Puerto Rico or Culebra, Puerto Rico. The lines are the paths of moving marine life (accounting for their different widths). The phosphorescent organisms are stimulated (“lit”) by motion/movement, highlighting the paths taken by PRthe marine life.
Vieques, Puerto Rico*
The Green mass to the Left is Africa and to the right is Madagascsr. Seems to be imagery of the South India Ocean. The two brown shapes indicate tropical climate anamolies or weather systems using some sort of satellite imagery. Could be two similar weather patterns or atmospheric conditions whilst the green area indicates normal expected weather.
The Image was taken over Caspian Sea, sometime in April with Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) sensor. Seems like a True Colour Composite. The satellite image seems to show marks made by ice on the sea floor. It is interesting because generally it is not so easy to see the sea floors with the help of a satellite image unless the waters are shallow and clear. Beautiful sea floor geology at display. Generally such marks are formed when floating ice touches shallower sea floors or sea beds and when they are still drifting across producing gouges. The Image is only a subset of the whole Landsat 8 scene acquired on 6th April, 2016. Those two land masses are part of the Tyuleniy Archipelago in the Caspian Sea. The full Landsat 8 scene can be downloaded from earthexplorer.usgs.gov Here is a screenshot of the whole Landsat 8 scene http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/browse/landsat_8/2016/167/029/LC81670292016097LGN00.jpg
Another interesting thing is that the two landmasses in the image resembles continents of Africa and South America though not to scale and the blue green colored ocean resembles Atlantic ocean in between.
North Atlantic ocean between North America and Europe
south sea islands below lines of seeded clouds or chemtrails
I agree with Jwely on the location. But I suspect the marks are scrapes on the sea bed from wind-blown ice. Winters here are exceedingly cold, and this part of the Caspian ices over. Since it’s also very shallow, for some of the winter the ice is grounded. However during the thaw the ice breaks up, and winds can blow the icebergs around, scraping the undersides across the sea bed and forming sets of parallel scrape marks.
Still not sure what the white streaks are. Possibly related to Seals movements across the sea.
Northen Caspian Sea.
The image shows two islands of Tyuleniy Archipelago in the northern Caspian sea. I guess it’s Landsat-8 OLI true color image (R, G, B) acquired on Apr. 14 but could be also been acquired on Apr. 7, 9 , 11 and 12. The filaments looks like sediments and phytoplancton present in the waters around the islands.
Islands in south ocean, near Atlantic . Colour is due to calcium carbonate .
Images of African continent and India. The lines are passing of meteors,
@NASAOceans had the same image a week previously
The lines are caused by breaking waves in a long expose image.
Others have pointed out that this is most likely the North Caspian Sea, photographed recently by Landsat 8. I take no credit for figuring that out. There still seems to be controversy over the white streaks. I believe that the streaks show the movement of ice chunks and slush. Someone may have asserted that earlier too. In previous decades, this area of the Caspian Sea would be covered with a sheet of ice at this time of year. But now, due to three things: 1) global climate change, 2) shallowing of the Caspian Sea, and 3) increased salinity of the Caspian Sea; the ice breaks up easily, and chunks just get blown around the surface by the wind.
The thicker, fluffy trails are probably clouds.
This appears to be a composite time-lapse showing the movement of the ice chunks and clouds over a period of 1 hour or so. Sophisticated super-imposition software was probably used to compose the image.
Now here is a question — Does Landsat 8 have the type of orbit which allows photographing a 1-hour time-lapse sequence?
Hi Gort, interesting analysis.
I would like to try answering the question you raised. Landsat 8’s orbit does not allow it to have a 1-hour time-lapse sequence. It takes instant images. To image the exact same spot of the Earth it needs to come back every 16 days after completing the cycle of imaging the whole Earth covering pole to pole (Polar Orbits). Therefore I think, probably the lines were created by ice last winter (say December, January ..) and now during spring the ice may have melted exposing the marks left behind by ice, probably.
Please add to my previous comment:
Jwely and Rachel preceded my reply. However I don’t think there is any scraping of the sea floor. The ice is probably only a few feet thick.
Sorry I am adding more:
There is a fourth and fifth reason why the ice breaks up into small chunks so readily 4) Hundreds of ships constantly zigzagging all over that region, participating in intense oil exploration activities, and 5) Construction of man-made islands to support buildings, offices, and barracks for oil company employees.
I have already provided an answer earlier, however I have some of my own questions.
How do you differentiate between gouge marks left by ice bergs (naturally) on sea floors and the ones created by trawling and mooring (human activities) via Landsat 8 satellite images for example? I assume both activities disturb marine ecosystem within the Seas? Any ideas are welcome.