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Sydney, AustraliaHome of the 2000 Olympics
This page contains archived content and is no longer being updated. At the time of publication, it represented the best available science.
This image from the Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer's nadir-looking camera was acquired on July 11, 2000
and shows a 200-kilometer section of the eastern Australian coast,
centered around the Sydney metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000
Olympic Games, which open Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the
rugged-shaped inlet toward the northern side of the grey-colored central city
area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the
harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast.
The areas to the north, west, and south of Sydney are characterized by rugged
terrain and extensive forests. Just north of the city the Ku-ring-gai Chase and
Brisbane Waters National Parks surround the Hawkesbury River estuary. Further
north and separated from the ocean by narrow dunes are a series of lakes, the two
largest in this image being Lake Macquarie (at the top) and Tuggerah Lake.
West of the metropolitan area, some 65 kilometers inland, are the Blue Mountains.
The primary transport corridor for road and rail across the mountains is clearly
visible, and just north of it is the steep-sided Grose River valley. In the
southern part of the mountains is a series of long valleys filled by Lake
Burragorang, a major source of Sydney's water supply.
South of Sydney's central area are Botany Bay, Bate Bay, and the Royal National
Park. Further south, the forested coastline gives way to the city of Wollongong,
the adjacent steel-making complex at Port Kembla, and Lake Illawarra.
The port city of Bahía Blanca lies almost 600 kilometers southwest of Buenos Aires on the southern rim of the Argentine economic heartland. This small city of 275,000 people is located near the mouth of the Arroyo Naposta.