The noxious haze that prompted Malaysian officials to declare an air quality emergency in many locations in early August 2005 had eased after a shift in the winds and rain cleared the air. The haze was being generated by intense forest fires burning in Sumatra. Smoke began to build up over Malaysia on August 2, 2005, closing schools and businesses in the worst haze crisis since 1997-1998, the Associated Press reported. The haze lifted starting on August 13, though the fires were still burning.
In addition to smoke, the fires released large amounts of carbon monoxide into the atmosphere, which were detected by the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) radiometer on NASA’s Terra satellite. Carbon monoxide is a good tracker of pollution because it is produced as a by-product of the combustion associated with wildfires and agricultural fires.
This image shows carbon monoxide concentrations between August 1 and August 15, 2005. The highest concentrations, shown in red and yellow, hang over Malaysia near its capital, Kuala Lumpur. In these regions, for every billion molecules in a column of the atmosphere, 240 were carbon monoxide molecules. By contrast, regions unaffected by haze had fewer than 120 molecules per billion. High concentrations of carbon monoxide are a threat to human health.
NASA image created by Jesse Allen, Earth Observatory, using data provided by the NCAR and University of Toronto MOPITT Teams