April 2, 2015 All Quiet at Holuhraun
September 6, 2014 All Quiet at Holuhraun
acquired April 2, 2015 download large image (1 MB, JPEG, 2402x1802 - left)
acquired April 2, 2015 download GeoTIFF file (5 MB, TIFF, 2402x1802)
acquired September 6, 2014 download large shortwave infrared image (4 MB, JPEG, 2402x1802 - right)
acquired September 6, 2014 download shortwave infrared GeoTIFF file (8 MB, TIFF, 2402x1802)
All Quiet at Holuhraun
acquired April 2, 2015 download large image (1 MB, JPEG, 2402x1802)
acquired April 2, 2015 download GeoTIFF file (5 MB, TIFF, 2402x1802)
All Quiet at Holuhraun
shortwave infrared
acquired September 6, 2014 download large shortwave infrared image (4 MB, JPEG, 2402x1802)
acquired September 6, 2014 download shortwave infrared GeoTIFF file (8 MB, TIFF, 2402x1802)

The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 captured this pair of false-color images of the Holuhraun lava field. The images combine shortwave infrared, near infrared, and red light (OLI bands 6-5-4) to better show variations in the temperature of the lava. This particular band combination also makes it easier to see through the plume of steam and gas rising from the fissure.

In the image from April 2, 2015 (top), snow blanketed the surrounding landscape but the lava field (black) remained warm enough to prevent significant accumulation. For comparison, the second image shows Holuhraun on September 6, 2014, in the early days of the eruption. Newly-formed basaltic rock is black. Fresh lava is bright orange.

On February 28, 2015, Icelandic authorities declared the eruption over. Since August 2014, the eruption has produced a lava field that covers 85 square kilometers (33 square miles). The average thickness of the field is 10 to 14 meters (33 to 46 feet), and nearly 1.4 cubic kilometers (0.3 cubic miles) of lava (by volume) extruded from the Earth.

The eruption created a number of features—the lava field and several craters—that local authorities are now in the process of naming. A new lake will likely form when summer melt water runs off of nearby Vatnajökull glacier.

While fresh lava has stopped flowing from Holuhraun, it is possible that activity could resume. One volcanologist monitoring the area has noted that Bardarbunga’s caldera, which fed the Holuhraun eruption, has started rising, a sign that magma may be accumulating in the magma chamber again.

NASA Earth Observatory image by Jesse Allen, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey. Caption by Adam Voiland.

Instrument(s): 
Landsat 8 - OLI

All Quiet at Holuhraun

April 10, 2015
Image Location
Image Location
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Right
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Left
Infrared Views of Bardarbunga Eruption at Bárdarbunga Volcano Roiling Flows on Holuhraun Lava Field Holuhraun Lava Flow Holuhraun Lava Field Plumes and Clouds Stand Off Over Holuhraun Lava Field Growth of the Holuhraun Lava Field Holuhraun Lava Could Still Be Toasty Underneath
Right