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Strong Aftershocks Rattle Chile Following Big Quake
This page contains archived content and is no longer being updated. At the time of publication, it represented the best available science. However, more recent observations and studies may have rendered some content obsolete.
March 3 - 12, 2010
In the weeks following the 8.8-magnitude earthquake that struck Chile on February 27, several aftershocks large enough to qualify as significant quakes rattled the country. A 6.9-magnitude quake on March 11 produced a small tsunami that reached Valparaíso, about 100 kilometers northwest of Santiago. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the large aftershocks almost certainly occurred in response to tensions being redistributed to different parts of the fault following the February 27 quake.
This map of topography and water depth along the Chilean coast includes black circles that indicate quakes with a magnitude of 5.0 or larger that occurred between March 5 and 12, 2010. (The epicenter of the 8.8-magnitude quake is shown for reference.) Lighter colors indicate higher elevation on land and shallower depth in the water. The boundary where the Nazca and South America Plates converge is marked by a red line. The topography is based on radar data collected during the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, which flew onboard Space Shuttle Endeavour in mid-February 2002.
This map of topography and water depth along the Chilean coast includes black circles that indicate aftershocks with a magnitude of 5.0 or larger that occurred between March 5 and 12, 2010, following the large earthquake on February 27.
A magnitude 8.8 earthquake struck Chile on February 27, 2010, causing extensive damage around the capital city, Santiago, and triggering tsunami warnings around the Pacific Ocean. In the weeks that followed, several large aftershocks also occurred.