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Sredinnyy Khrebet, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia
This page contains archived content and is no longer being updated. At the time of publication, it represented the best available science. However, more recent observations and studies may have rendered some content obsolete.
The Kamchatka Peninsula in eastern Russia is shown in this scene created
from a preliminary elevation model derived from the first data collected
during the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) on February
12, 2000. Sredinnyy Khrebet, the mountain range that makes up the spine
of the peninsula, is a chain of active volcanic peaks. Pleistocene and
recent glaciers have carved the broad valleys and jagged ridges that are
common here. The relative youth of the volcanism is revealed by the
topography as infilling and smoothing of the otherwise rugged terrain by
lava, ash, and pyroclastic flows, particularly surrounding the high
peaks in the south central part of the image. Elevations here range
from near sea level up to 2,618 meters (8,590 feet).
Two visualization methods were combined to produce this image:
shading and color coding of topographic height. The shade image was
derived by computing topographic slope in the north-south direction.
Northern slopes appear bright and southern slopes appear dark. Color
coding is directly related to topographic height, with green at the
lower elevations, rising through yellow, red, and magenta, to white at
the highest elevations.
Elevation data used in this image were acquired by the Shuttle Radar
Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on
February 11, 2000. SRTM used the same radar instrument that comprised
the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar
(SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. SRTM
was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of Earth's
surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long
(200-foot) mast, installed additional C-band and X-band antennas, and
improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative
project between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA), the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) of the U.S.
Department of Defense, and the German and Italian space agencies. It is
managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's
Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, DC.
Size: 93.0 x 105.7 kilometers ( 57.7 x 65.6 miles) Location:
58.3 deg. North lat., 160.9 deg. East lon. Orientation: North toward
the top Image Data: Shaded and colored SRTM elevation model
Date Acquired: February 12, 2000