Since making landfall in Florida on October 10, 2018, Hurricane Michael has caused severe property damage and several deaths in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Forecasters expect the storm center will continue to track across North Carolina and Virginia, bringing the potential for life-threatening flash flooding. Michael should move into the western Atlantic Ocean by October 12.
The natural-color image above was taken on the morning of October 11, 2018, as the storm made its way into North Carolina. The image was acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite.
The category 4 hurricane weakened throughout October 10 and was downgraded to a tropical storm by October 11. The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite acquired data for the composite image below in the early morning hours of October 11, as the storm passed over Georgia and South Carolina. The false-color image shows infrared signals known as brightness temperature, which helps distinguish the shape and temperature of the clouds. The image was overlaid on data from the VIIRS “day-night band.”
According to news reports, the storm knocked out power to hundreds of thousands of homes and radio towers, making communication difficult. Water levels in several rivers in North Carolina and Virginia rose by several feet in a matter of hours and are expected to enter moderate to major flooding stages. The National Weather Service also warned about the potential for tornadoes in North Carolina and Virginia.
NASA Earth Observatory image by Joshua Stevens, using MODIS data from NASA EOSDIS/LANCE and GIBS/Worldview and VIIRS data from the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership. Story by Kasha Patel.