A magnitude 6.1 earthquake struck the mountainous nation of Bhutan on the afternoon of September 21, 2009. According to reports from AFP, at least 10 people died, and some houses and monasteries near the epicenter were damaged. Shaking from the earthquake was felt throughout Bhutan and in Tibet and northeastern India.
Bhutan is located in the Himalayan Mountains, along the boundary between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates. The Indian plate is moving northwards relative to the Eurasian plate, pushing the Himalayas upwards as the plates collide. As a result, large earthquakes are frequent in the area. A magnitude 8.5 earthquake—the largest ever recorded on land—occurred nearby in the Indian state of Assam in 1950.
This image shows the topography and bathymetry near Sumatra, Indonesia, where hundreds or thousands of people were feared dead in the wake of a magnitude 7.6 earthquake that struck on September 30, 2009.
This map shows the region around the earthquake that struck the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince on January 12, 2010. Blue areas indicate water and brown areas indicate land. Lighter colors indicate higher elevation or shallower depth. Circles indicate earthquake locations, with circle size corresponding to earthquake magnitude. Lines indicate faults.