This image of Las Vegas, Nevada, was acquired on August, 2000, and covers an area 42 km (25 miles) wide and 30 km (18 miles) long. The image displays three bands of the reflected visible and infrared wavelength region, with a spatial resolution of 15 meters. McCarran International Airport to the south and Nellis Air Force Base to the northeast are the two major airports visible. Golf courses appear as bright red meanders of grass-covered land.
The first settlement in Las Vegas (which is Spanish for “The Meadows”) was recorded back in the early 1850s when the Mormon Church, headed by Brigham Young, sent a mission of thirty men to construct a fort and teach agriculture to the Indians. Las Vegas became a city in 1905 when the railroad announced this city was to be a major division point. Prior to legalized gambling in 1931, Las Vegas was developing as an agricultural area. Las Vegas’ fame as a resort area became prominent after World War II.
Commonly known as “the oldest city in the world,” Jericho is an important historical, cultural, and political center located northwest of the Dead Sea. This astronaut photograph illustrates the city center, and the original settlement mound of Tell es-Sultan. Total distance across the image is approximately 8 kilometers (5 miles). Two large refugee camps are located to the northwest and south of the city center. The high building density of the refugee camps contrasts sharply with the more open city center and irrigated fields (green polygonal patches) of Jericho, and illustrates one of the physical consequences of the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the region.