This perspective view shows the city of Bhuj, India, in the foreground
(gray area). Bhuj and many other nearby towns and cities were almost
completely destroyed by the shaking of an earthquake in western India on
January 26, 2001. This magnitude 7.6 earthquake was the deadliest in the
history of India with some 20,000 fatalities and over a million homes
damaged or destroyed. The epicenter of the earthquake was in the area in
the background of this view.
Bhuj was the historical capital of the Kachchh region, and the Bhuj
airport is the prominent dark line with light borders to the left of the
center of the image. Highways and rivers appear as dark lines.
Vegetation appears bright green in this false-color Landsat
image. The Gulf of Kachchh (or Kutch) is the dark blue area in the upper right
corner of the image. The hills reach up to 500 meters (1,500 feet)
elevation. The light blue area in the background center of the image is
low-lying salt flats called the Rann of Kachchh.
This three-dimensional perspective view was generated using topographic
data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). This image was
generated using topographic data from SRTM and an enhanced false-color
Landsat 7 satellite image Colors are from Landsat bands 5, 4, and 2 as
red, green and blue, respectively. Topographic expression is exaggerated
Landsat has been providing visible and infrared views of the Earth since
1972. SRTM elevation data matches the 30-meter resolution of most
Landsat images and will substantially help in analyses of the large and
growing Landsat image archive.
Elevation data used in this image was acquired by the Shuttle Radar
Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched
on February 11, 2000. SRTM used the same radar instrument that comprised
the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar
(SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994.
SRTM was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the
Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a
60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, installed additional C-band and X-band
antennas, and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a
cooperative project between the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA), the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) of
the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), and the German and Italian space
Size: scale varies in this perspective image
Location: 23.4 deg. North lat., 69.7 deg. East lon.
Orientation: looking northeast
Image Data: Landsat Bands 5, 4, 3 as red, green, blue respectively
Original Data Resolution: SRTM 30 meters (99 feet)
Date Acquired: four days in February, 2000 (SRTM), February 9, 2001 (Landsat)