This image of the northern portion of the Nile River was captured by the
Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer's (MISR's) nadir camera on January 30, 2001. The Nile is
the longest river in the world, extending for about 6700 kilometers from
its headwaters in the highlands of eastern
At the apex of the fertile Nile River Delta is the Egyptian
capital city of Cairo. To the west are the Great Pyramids of Giza. North
of here the Nile branches into two distributaries, the Rosetta to the
west and the Damietta to the east.
Also visible in this image is the Suez Canal, a shipping waterway
connecting Port Said on the Mediterranean Sea with the Gulf of Suez. The
Gulf is an arm of the Red Sea, and is located on the righthand side of
City lights define the Nile River Valley as it snakes across the Egyptian desert. The cities of Naj’ Hamadi, Qena, and Luxor, shine the brightest. Communities in the hillsides create a thin border along either side of the valley. Simliar strips line the Nile itself. Most of Egypt’s population, and most of the country’s arable land, occupies the Nile River Valley.