The island of Ischia is approximately 30 kilometers southwest of Naples, Italy, in the western Bay of Naples (part of the Tyrrenhian Sea). While the island’s rocks are volcanic in origin, much of the island’s geology and current topography is characterized by blocks of uplifted rock (horst) and sunken areas (grabens) between weak spots or cracks in Earth’s crust (faults). For example, the highest point on the island of Ischia is Monte Epomeo (789 meters). The mountain is not a volcanic cone, but rather is composed of erupted materials that were later uplifted by faulting.
The green slopes of Monte Epomeo are enclosed by urban development (light grey speckled areas) that rings the island. The last volcanic activity on Ischia took place in 1302. The neighboring island of Procida (top right) was formed from the same magma sources as Ischia, and likely shared the same volcanic “plumbing system.” Today, Ischia is a popular tourist destination due to its hot springs, hot mud baths, and the hiking opportunities afforded by Monte Epomeo. Several boat wakes are visible around both islands in this astronaut photograph.
Astronaut photograph ISS017-E-9734 was acquired on June 20, 2008, with a Nikon D2Xs digital camera fitted with a 400 mm lens, and is provided by the ISS Crew Earth Observations experiment and the Image Science & Analysis Laboratory, Johnson Space Center. The image was taken by the Expedition 17 crew. The image in this article has been cropped and enhanced to improve contrast. Lens artifacts have been removed. The International Space Station Program supports the laboratory to help astronauts take pictures of Earth that will be of the greatest value to scientists and the public, and to make those images freely available on the Internet. Additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts can be viewed at the NASA/JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. Caption by William L. Stefanov, NASA-JSC.
he island of Ischia is approximately 30 kilometers southwest of Naples, Italy, in the western Bay of Naples (part of the Tyrrenhian Sea). While the island’s rocks are volcanic in origin, much of the island’s geology and current topography is characterized by blocks of uplifted rock and sunken areas between weak spots or cracks in Earth’s crust.
The Aeolian Islands formed from a chain of volcanoes in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of the island of Sicily. Geologists and volcanologists have studied the islands since the eighteenth century, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared them a World Heritage Site in 2000 because of their value to the study of volcanic processes.