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Honolulu and Waikiki
This page contains archived content and is no longer being updated. At the time of publication, it represented the best available science. However, more recent observations and studies may have rendered some content obsolete.
Honolulu is one of the most exotic resort destinations in
the United States. Honolulu is located on Oahu, the most populated of the Hawaiian Islands. Just to the East of Honolulu
is Waikiki Beach, with throngs of tourists and dozens of high-rise
hotels. Overlooking Waikiki is Diamond Head, a volcanic crater formed
from 70,000 to 500,000 years ago, long after Oahus principle volcanoesKo'olau and Wai'anaestopped erupting. North of
Diamond Head are the eroded remains of Ko'olau. The clouds in the upper right hand corner of this image are an almost permanent feature of Oahu. Trade winds blowing from the northeast are stopped by the 3,000 foot (960 meter) high mountain range, where they rain out most of their moisture. As a result, the windward side of Oahu is usually cloudy, and the leeward side is relatively clear and dry. On the lefthand side of the image is Pearl Harbor, site of the Japanese air raid which drew America into World War II. The harbor still serves as a U.S. Navy base.
The image was captured by the Landsat 7 satellites Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) instrument on March 18, 2001.