Located in the southern Atlantic Ocean off the coast of southern Argentina,
the Falkland Islands are a territory of the United Kingdom, and are
comprised of more than 200 islands. Shown here in a true-color image acquired
by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on October 20, 2001,
West and East Falkland, left to right respectively, are by far the two largest
islands of this archipelago. Also visible is a large phytoplankton bloom
that is marked by the blue-green swirls off the northern coast of West Falkland.
Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC
The Falkland Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, referred to by Argentina (which also claims the islands) as the Islas Malvinas. Falkland Sound, which is 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) wide at the narrow point, separates the main islands of East Falkland (image center) and West Falkland (along image left). Together they total about the same area as Connecticut or Northern Ireland. The islands lie almost 500 kilometers (310 miles) from the Argentine coast and less than 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) from Antarctica. The first flights to these remote islands were only implemented in 1971.