Drought-ravaged forests in Portugal continued to burn in the fourth week of August 2005. Wildfires were burning out of control in several locations, and the government had declared a state of emergency in the central part of the country. This image of the fires (outlined in red) was captured on August 22, 2005, by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite. Smoke from dozens of fires detected by MODIS is spreading across the Atlantic Ocean, at image left. The high-resolution image provided above has a spatial resolution of 250 meters per pixel. The MODIS Rapid Response System provides this image at additional resolutions.