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Fire & Carbon Monoxide

Global Map Fire Image 1 Global Map Fire Image 2 Global Map Fire Image 3 Global Map Fire Image 4 Global Map Fire Image 5 Global Map Fire Image 6 Global Map Fire Image 7 Global Map Fire Image 8 Global Map Fire Image 9 Global Map Fire Image 10 Global Map Fire Image 11 Global Map Fire Image 12 Global Map Fire Image 13 Global Map Fire Image 14 Global Map Fire Image 15 Global Map Fire Image 16 Global Map Fire Image 17 Global Map Fire Image 18 Global Map Fire Image 19 Global Map Fire Image 20 Global Map Fire Image 21 Global Map Fire Image 22 Global Map Fire Image 23 Global Map Fire Image 24 Global Map Fire Image 25 Global Map Fire Image 26 Global Map Fire Image 27 Global Map Fire Image 28 Global Map Fire Image 29 Global Map Fire Image 30 Global Map Fire Image 31 Global Map Fire Image 32 Global Map Fire Image 33 Global Map Fire Image 34 Global Map Fire Image 35 Global Map Fire Image 36 Global Map Fire Image 37 Global Map Fire Image 38 Global Map Fire Image 39 Global Map Fire Image 40 Global 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Fire
Fire Scale
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide Scale
Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 1 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 2 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 3 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 4 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 5 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 6 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 7 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 8 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 9 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 10 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 11 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 12 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 13 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 14 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 15 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 16 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 17 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 18 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 19 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 20 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 21 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 22 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 23 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 24 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 25 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 26 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 27 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 28 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 29 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 30 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 31 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 32 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 33 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 34 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 35 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 36 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 37 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 38 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 39 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 40 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 41 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 42 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 43 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 44 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 45 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 46 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 47 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 48 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 49 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 50 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 51 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 52 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 53 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 54 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 55 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 56 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 57 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 58 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 59 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 60 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 61 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 62 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 63 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 64 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 65 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 66 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 67 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 68 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 69 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 70 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 71 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 72 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 73 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 74 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 75 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 76 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 77 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 78 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 79 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 80 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 81 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 82 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 83 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 84 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 85 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 86 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 87 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 88 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 89 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 90 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 91 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 92 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 93 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 94 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 95 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 96 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 97 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 98 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 99 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 100 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 101 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 102 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 103 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 104 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 105 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 106 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 107 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 108 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 109 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 110 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 111 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 112 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 113 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 114 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 115 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 116 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 117 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 118 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 119 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 120 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 121 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 122 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 123 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 124 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 125 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 126 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 127 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 128 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 129 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 130 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 131 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 132 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 133 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 134 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 135 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 136 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 137 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 138 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 139 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 140 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 141 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 142 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 143 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 144 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 145 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 146 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 147 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 148 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 149 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 150 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 151 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 152 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 153 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 154 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 155 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 156 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 157 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 158 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 159 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 160 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 161 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 162 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 163 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 164 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 165 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 166 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 167 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 168 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 169 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 170 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 171 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 172 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 173 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 174 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 175 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 176 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 177 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 178 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 179 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 180 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 181 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 182 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 183 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 184 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 185 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 186 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 187 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 188 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 189 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 190 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 191 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 192 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 193 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 194 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 195 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 196 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 197 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 198 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 199 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 200 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 201 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 202 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 203 Global Map Carbon Monoxide Image 204

On Earth, something is always burning: wildfires started by lightning or people, controlled agricultural fires, or fossil fuels. When anything made out of carbon — whether it's vegetation, gasoline, or coal — burns completely, the only end products are carbon dioxide and water vapor. But in most situations, burning is not complete, and fires or burning fossil fuels produce a mixture of gases, including carbon dioxide, methane, and carbon monoxide.

The fire maps show the locations of actively burning fires around the world on a monthly basis, based on observations from the MODIS sensors on NASA's Terra satellite. The colors are based on a count of the number (not size) of fires observed within a 1,000-square-kilometer area. White pixels show the high end of the count — as many as 30 fires in a 1,000-square-kilometer area per day. Orange pixels show as many as 10 fires, while red areas show as few as 1 fire per day.

The carbon monoxide maps show the monthly averages of carbon monoxide at an altitude of about 12,000 feet, based on data from the MOPITT sensor on NASA’s Terra satellite. Concentrations of carbon monoxide are expressed in parts per billion by volume (ppbv). A concentration of 1 ppbv means that for every billion molecules of gas in the measured volume, one of them is a carbon monoxide molecule. Yellow areas have little or no carbon monoxide, while progressively higher concentrations are shown in orange and red.

The comparison shows that fires and atmospheric carbon monoxide levels are very closely related for some regions and some times of year, but are less closely related in other places and times. For example, carbon monoxide concentrations across Africa and South America go hand in hand with fire counts there. When fire counts are high, carbon monoxide is high; when fire counts are low, carbon monoxide is low. These increases and decreases follow an obvious seasonal pattern, linked to human cultural patterns of agricultural burning and land clearing.

In other parts of the world, however, carbon monoxide levels are elevated even during months when fire counts are low. About half way up the eastern coast of Asia, for example, a pocket of high carbon monoxide appears virtually year round, even when fires are not occurring nearby. Here, the carbon monoxide is part of the urban and industrial pollution generated in and around rapidly industrializing Beijing, China. A similar pattern exists over the United States, the North Atlantic, and western Europe, which have relatively high (yellow) carbon monoxide concentrations even in December, January, and February, when fire activity throughout the middle and high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere is very low. That pattern suggests that the carbon monoxide is coming from the burning of fossil fuels (and also perhaps from wood-burning stoves or fireplaces).

View, download, or analyze more of these data from NASA Earth Observations (NEO):
Fire
Carbon Monoxide