Seventeen days after forming into a tropical storm, Parma remained active on October 13, 2009. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center reported that Tropical Storm Parma had maximum sustained winds of 35 knots (65 kilometers per hour) with gusts up to 45 knots (83 kilometers per hour), as it had the previous day.
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this true-color image on October 13, 2009, as Parma hovered over the Gulf of Tongking, between the island of Hainan and the coast of Vietnam. Clouds extended northward into southern China, and westward into Laos.
On October 13, Xinhua reported that Parma had affected 1.63 million people in southern China, forcing more than 36,000 to relocate. Nearly 100 houses had collapsed because of the storm, and almost 230 more had been damaged. The storm also affected 45,000 hectares (nearly 111,200 acres) of farmland.
The high-resolution image provided above is at MODIS’ full spatial resolution (level of detail) of 250 meters per pixel. The MODIS Rapid Response System provides this image at additional resolutions.
Typhoon Parma moved westward across the Pacific Ocean in late September 2009. Parma was downgraded to a tropical storm as it passed over the Philippines, but moved back toward the islands, apparently interacting with Typhoon Melor to the northeast. Parma finally dissipated on October 14.
References & Resources
Joint Typhoon Warning Center. (2009, October 13). Typhoon 19W (Parma) Warning. U.S. Naval Marine Forecast Center. Accessed October 13, 2009.