With the Seward Peninsula of Alaska to the east, and Chukotskiy
Poluostrovof Siberia to the west, the Bering Strait separates the United
States and the Russian Federation by only 90 kilometers. It is named for
Danish explorer Vitus Bering, who spotted the Alaskan mainland in 1741
while leading anexpedition of Russian sailors. This view of the region
was captured by the Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometers (MISRs)
vertical-viewing (nadir) camera on August 18, 2000.
The boundary between the US and Russia lies between Big and Little
Diomede Islands, which are visible in the middle of the Bering Strait.
The Artic Circle, at 66.5 degrees north latitude, runs through the
Arctic Ocean in the top part of this image. This circle marks the
southernmost latitude for which the Sun does not rise above the horizon
on the day of the winter solstice. At the bottom of this image is St.
Lawrence Island. Situated in the Bering Sea, it is part of Alaska and
home to Yupik Eskimos.
MODIS image of the Bering Sea, Bering Strait and southern Arctic Ocean acquired 7 May 2000. Image generated from MODIS band 2 (0.85 µm) at 250 m spatial resolution. Detailed structure and leads in the ice pack are apparent. Ice flow from the Bering Strait southward to the Bering Sea is seen in great detail.