April 2, 2016 Sierra Nevada Snowpack is Better, but Not Normal
March 31, 2015 Sierra Nevada Snowpack is Better, but Not Normal
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Sierra Nevada Snowpack is Better, but Not Normal
acquired April 2, 2016 download large image (4 MB, JPEG, 3000x3000)
acquired April 2, 2016 download GeoTIFF file (16 MB, TIFF, 3000x3000)
Sierra Nevada Snowpack is Better, but Not Normal
acquired March 31, 2015 download large image (4 MB, JPEG, 3000x3000)
acquired March 31, 2015 download GeoTIFF file (15 MB, TIFF, 3000x3000)
acquired 2006 - 2016 download Google Earth file (KML)

One year after snow surveyors stood on a dusty mountainside in California and reported that snow-water content was just 5 percent of normal, the situation in the Sierra Nevada range is much improved. But it is still not normal.

The California Department of Water Resources (DWR) reported on March 30, 2016, that snow cover in the mountains was 87 percent of the long-term average. Snow that falls in the mountains is often powdery and dry at first, but as the winter progresses and the snow compacts, the water becomes concentrated. The rule of thumb is that 30 inches (76 centimeters) of snow in the Sierra Nevada range is equal to roughly 12 inches (30 centimeters) of fresh water once it melts.

As of March 30, the statewide average snow-water equivalent (SWE) was 24.4 inches. There were some regional differences, with 28.1 inches of SWE (97 percent) in the northern Sierra Nevada; 25.2 inches (88 percent) in the central region; and 19.3 inches (72 percent) in the southern region.

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured these natural-color images of the snow cover in the Sierra Nevada in California and Nevada. The top image was acquired on April 2, 2016; the second image was acquired a year earlier on March 31, 2015. In addition to the changing snow cover, note the change in color around the Central Valley of California. Turn on the image comparison tool for a better look.

In California, mountain snow cover provides about 30 percent of the yearly fresh water supply. Snow that falls on the mountains in winter melts and runs down into the valleys each summer and fall, providing water when rainfall is sparse. That melting has already begun, as temperatures are rising with the increasing spring sunlight. As of April 13, the average snow-water equivalent for the state was 19 inches, or 71 percent of normal.

“While for many parts of the state there will be both significant gains in both reservoir storage and stream flow, the effects of previous dry years will remain for now,” said Frank Gehrke, chief of the California Cooperative Snow Surveys in a March 30 press release. According to the U.S. Drought Monitor, nearly 90 percent of California was still in some level of drought as of April 5, 2016.

The state’s reservoirs also have been topped off by significant rainfall this winter. But neither the increased mountain snow nor rising reservoirs can offset all of the groundwater depletion in recent years.

You can observe a decade of snow-cover changes in California by visiting World of Change: Snowpack in the Sierra Nevada.

NASA Earth Observatory images by Jesse Allen, using data from the Level 1 and Atmospheres Active Distribution System (LAADS). Caption by Mike Carlowicz.

Instrument(s): 
Terra - MODIS

Sierra Nevada Snowpack is Better, but Not Normal

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Left
The Naked Mountain All Dry on the Western Front Drought Stressing California’s Plantscape The Golden-Brown State Groundwater Deficit Out West An Infrared View of California Drought Lake Mead Still Shrinking Unusual July Temperatures Drought Persists in the American Southwest California Landscape is Mix of Green and Brown Diminished Snow Pack in the Sierra Nevada Goose Lake Dries Up Water Levels Rise on Shasta Lake Quantifying Tree Loss in Sierra National Forest Drought Continues to Grip Southern California Drought Turns to Deluge in California River in the Sky Keeps Flowing Over the West Abundant Snowpack Blankets the Sierra Nevada Sediment Pours into Monterey Bay Astronauts Snap a Photo of Oroville Dam A California Desert Erupts in Wildflowers California Reservoirs Rise from Drought to Deluge Sierra Snowpack Bigger Than Last Four Years Combined
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