Archive for ‘Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP)’

« Older Entries Newer Entries »

Notes from the Field-Week 2

June 19th, 2012 by Brian Campbell

Grant Wiseman
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Field teams had another successful week despite the weather still not living up to Manitoba’s famous warm sunny summers. The question on everybody’s mind is not if it is going to rain tomorrow but when?

Week 2 contained two full soil sample day efforts, four vegetation collection days, the completion of the roughness campaign, the structure team beginning their third round of measurements and the forestry team making significant progress. Way to go team!

Crop Duster


Read more at the SMAP Blogs from the Field site.

Discovering Local Treasures

June 19th, 2012 by Brian Campbell

Tom Jackson
USDA ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory

Having been involved in many field campaigns, one of the things that is interesting to do while driving around to the various test sites is to look for “roadside attractions”. There are a number of websites for tracking these down. On Saturday my route, which covered about 150 miles, took me past three of these sites.

World’s second largest fire hydrant (Elm Creek)


To see other cool and unusual local treasures discovered during SMAPVEX12, visit the SMAP Blogs from the Field site.

Crop Structure Sampling

June 18th, 2012 by Brian Campbell

Narendra Das
Jet Propulsion Laboratory


During the SMAPVEX12 campaign measurements are being made simultaneously by airborne remote sensing instruments (PALS and UAVSAR) and by in situ sampling of the field sites. Measurements of the vegetation/crop structure characteristics and attributes during the vegetation growth phases are an important part of the data collection.

Crop structure measurements collected during the campaign will be used to calibrate and validate (cal/val) the SMAP radar forward models (radar backscatter is highly sensitive to vegetation structure). For this purpose most of the landcover types available in the SMAPVEX12 study domain are being sampled to obtain vegetation/crop structure information.

Fig 1. Canola field-124, Date: 06-07-2012.


Fig 2. Canola field-124, Date: 06-16-2012

For more information. visit the SMAP Blogs from the Field site.

Forest Sampling

June 17th, 2012 by Brian Campbell

Parag Narvekar. Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Aspen trees (deciduous forest) comprise more than 90% of the sampled SMAPVEX12 forest sites, with an understory layer of shrubs and grass. The dense shrubs make it difficult to access the sites, therefore the soil moisture and vegetation sampling schemes adopted for these sites are different from the cropland sites. A representative circular area of 200 meter diameter is selected for each forest site and within this area intensive ground measurements of soil moisture and vegetation are made.

Even though my research is not directly associated with forested areas it was great to visit these sites along with other team members and get experience of actual conditions, from which to derive the scientific basis for emission and scattering mechanisms responsible for active and passive signals captured by the PALS airborne instrument (and later SMAP).

Diagram and photos of forest vegetation.


To read more, visit the SMAP Blogs from the Field site.

On the Twin Otter

June 16th, 2012 by Brian Campbell

Andreas Colliander
Jet Propulsion Laboratory

On the second science data acquisition flight of PALS (on June 12) I got to fly on board the Twin Otter aircraft for the flight segment after the mid-day refueling stop at Winnipeg airport. Due to the minimal requirement for a second PALS operator on this flight I took Ian’s place on the plane while Seth continued to be in charge of the PALS instrument operation.

The day was beautiful, the skies mostly clear and the ride very smooth (the going can easily get bumpy on a small plane like the Twin Otter) at about 8500 ft altitude as planned for this flight.

Forest and pasture region at the northern end of the experiment area.


Bubble windows allow an extra-aircraft perspective and a look straight down


To read more and see more images, visit the SMAP Blogs from the Field site.

Notes from the Field