Eruption of Grímsvötn Volcano, Iceland
11:10 UTC, Terra
acquired May 24, 2011 download large 11:10 UTC, Terra image (3 MB, JPEG, 3600x2800)
acquired May 24, 2011 download 11:10 UTC, Terra GeoTIFF file (18 MB, TIFF, 3600x2800)
Eruption of Grímsvötn Volcano, Iceland
13:05 UTC, Aqua
acquired May 24, 2011 download large 13:05 UTC, Aqua image (5 MB, JPEG, 6800x5200)
acquired May 24, 2011 download 13:05 UTC, Aqua GeoTIFF file (55 MB, TIFF, 6800x5200)

Although ash from Iceland’s Grímsvötn Volcano initially remained localized, by May 24, 2011, the ash cloud had spread over the North Sea. This pair of natural-color satellite image shows a dense plume of ash between Scotland and Norway (top), and ash spreading from Iceland across the North Atlantic (lower). The London Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) reported the ash at an altitude of 20,000 feet (6,100 meters) at 12:00 UTC, 50 minutes after the top image was acquired. According to EUROCONTROL, The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, approximately 250 flights were cancelled in the United Kingdom due to the ash, and flights in southern Scandinavia were likely to be cancelled as well.

The top image was acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Terra satellite at 11:10 UTC. The lower image was acquired several hours later, at 13:05 UTC, by the MODIS instrument aboard Aqua. In both images, the tan volcanic ash plume is visible beneath moderate cloud cover.

  1. References

  2. EUROCONTROL. (2011, May 24). Update on European air traffic situation following Grimsvötn eruption 10:00 CET. Accessed May 24, 2011.
  3. Klemetti, Erik. (2011, May 24). Grímsvötn Ash Cloud Causes Flight Disruptions (But Ryanair President Says it Doesn’t Exist). Accessd May 24, 2011.
  4. London Volcanic Ash Advisory Center. (2011, May 24). Modelled Ash Concentration. Accessed May 24, 2011.

NASA image by Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team. Caption by Robert Simmon.

Instrument(s): 
Terra - MODIS

Eruption of Grímsvötn Volcano, Iceland

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